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Diabetes mellitus is the name used to describe any one of several diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (also known as blood glucose). Your brain and the cells that make up your muscles and tissues need lots of energy to function properly. The glucose in your blood is what provides them with this energy. If you have will begin to have many serious health problems. Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with a condition called ‘pre-diabetes’- where your blood sugar levels are high but not high enough to be classed as diabetes - changing your lifestyle (the way you eat and the amount you exercise) can potentially reverse your condition. Pregnant women are sometimes diagnosed with gestational diabetes but this condition usually goes away after the baby is born.

Signs and symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Presence of ketones in the urine
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections

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